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1. ## Tips on Answering Aptitude Questions on Ages

4 TIPS on cracking Aptitude Questions related to Age Tip #1: Choose only one variable to solve the problem Question: Mindy’s current age is 3 times that of her daughter, Cindy. 4 years ago, Mindy’s age was 4 times that of her daughter, what will be Cindy’s age 5 years from now? Solution: Let Cindy’s current age be x. Then Mindy’s age is 3x. According to the question, 3x-4=4(x-4) Or, 3x-4=4x-16 Or, x=12. Thus, 5 years from now, Cindy’s age will be 12+5=17years. Note: More often than not, this type of questions usually contain ages of different people and at different points in time. While you could choose more than one variable to solve the problem at hand, it is always faster and easier to choose one age as x and then relate all the other ones to it according as stated in the question. Tip #2: If the question contains ages at different points of time, choose the present age as ‘x’ Question: Ten years from now, Rachel will be three times older than she is today. What is her current age? Solution: Let current age be x. Then, according to the question, x+10= 3x => 2x=10 => x=5 Note: Age related problems usually contain references to present, past, and future. It is important to choose correctly which one to consider as our variable so as to reach the solution at the quickest. In order to do so, it is best to choose the present age as ‘x’. Tip #3: In questions containing the ages of different people, consider the age of the youngest person to be ‘x’ Question: John’s father is 5 times older than John and John is twice as old as his sister Alice. In two years’ time, the sum of their ages will be 58. How old is John now? Solution: Let Alice’s current age be x. Then John’s age=2x and their father’s age is 10x. According to the question, (x+2)+ (2x+2) + (10x+2) =58 => 13x=58-6 => x=4 => John’s present age=10x4=40 years. Note: Most of the times, these problems mention more than one person’s age that are correlated. It is best to choose the age of the youngest person as x and then relate everyone else’s age to x. Tip #4: Read the question very carefully. The phrase ‘n time more than’ needs to be understood correctly: Question: A’s age is twice greater than B’s. If the sum of their ages is 24, what is A’s age? Solution: Let B’s age be x. Then A’s age= x + 2x= 3x (and not 2x) Now, x+3x= 24 Or, x= 6. A’s age is 3x= 18 years Question: Mary is three times as old as her son. In 12 years, Mary's age will be one year less than twice her son's age. How old is each now? Solution: Let the son’s age be x. Then Mary’s age= 3x. Given, 3x+12= 2(x+12) – 1 => 3x+12= 2x+ 23 => x=11 => Mary’s age= 33 years, Son’s age= 11 years. That wraps up our tips for solving Age-type Questions. All the best. LEARNING PUNDITS (https://learningpundits.com/) Learning Pundits help Job Seekers make great CVs, master English Grammar & Vocabulary, ace Aptitude Tests, speak fluently in a Group Discussion, apply for jobs, participate in online contests.

3. ## Tips on English Listening Comprehensions

2 TIPS on solving Listening Comprehension Questions in Online Tests Tip 1: Ensure that you are well prepared to take the Listening Comprehension Test Ensure that your audio setup is proper: 1. Your headphones work well and you’re able to hear loud and clear 2. Your System Volume setting is set to the Maximum Value 3. Please use the latest version of Chrome to ensure full browser support for playing audio clips. Keep a notebook handy: 1. Jot down quick bullet points about the audio clip as you’re listening to it. This will help you remember the clip easily so that you will not waste time replaying it multiple times. Tip 2: Read the Question first before listening to the clip Questions can be related to a specific piece of information available in the audio clip: 1. “Where is the stadium?” 2. “Who has sponsored the news report?” 3. “How many people are there in the speaker’s family?” For the illustrative questions given above, you need to listen to the clip until the specific piece of information you’re looking for is spoken out aloud. Questions can be contextual, related to the audio clip as a whole: 1. “What is the purpose of the speaker?” 2. “What is the speaker’s profession?” 3. “Where is this conversation taking place?” For the illustrative questions given above, you need to listen to the whole clip to understand the context of the speech. LEARNING PUNDITS (https://learningpundits.com/) Learning Pundits help Job Seekers make great CVs, master English Grammar & Vocabulary, ace Aptitude Tests, speak fluently in a Group Discussion, apply for jobs, participate in online contests.
4. ## Tips on Spotting Grammatical Errors in English Sentences

2 TIPS on spotting grammatical errors in English sentences Tip 1: Go through all the Tips available for all Modules on English Grammar Spotting Grammatical Errors in English Sentences requires proficiency in English Grammar that can only be obtained by reading Grammar Tips for all the Modules on English Grammar available on Learning Pundits. https://learningpundits.com/course/4-english-grammar/ Tip 2: Rewrite the original sentence from memory on a piece of paper Most readers would not notice that the word “the” is repeated twice in the sentence above. This is because, while reading, the human brain automatically corrects minor grammatical errors. If you cannot spot the error, please commit the sentence to memory and write it down on a piece of paper. Now, compare what you have written down with the original sentence to identify the grammatical error. LEARNING PUNDITS (https://learningpundits.com/) Learning Pundits help Job Seekers make great CVs, master English Grammar & Vocabulary, ace Aptitude Tests, speak fluently in a Group Discussion, apply for jobs, participate in online contests.
5. ## Tips on Sentences & Clauses

3 TIPS on answering Multiple Choice Questions on Sentences & Clauses Tip 1: Go through all the Tips available for all Modules on English Grammar Proficiency in forming English Sentences requires proficiency in English Grammar that can only be obtained by reading Grammar Tips for all the Modules on English Grammar available on Learning Pundits. https://learningpundits.com/course/4-english-grammar/ Tip 2: When required to arrange jumbled words to form a meaningful sentence, it is often easier to eliminate incorrect options Question: People (P) At his dispensary (Q) Went to him (R) Of a11 professions (S) For medicine and treatment Options: A) RQSP QPRS C) QRPS D) RPQS Answer: QPRS: People went to him at his dispensary of all professions… (Incorrect) QRPS: People went to him of all professions… (Incorrect) RPQS: People of all professions at his dispensary went to him … (Incorrect) The sentences formed by options B, C and D are incoherent and can be eliminated. Thus, the right option is ‘A’: People of all professions went to him for medicine and treatment at his dispensary. Tip 3: When combining sentences to form a paragraph, ensure that there is a logical flow Question: The first and sixth sentences are already given. The four sentences in the middle have been removed and jumbled up. These are labelled as P, Q, R and S. Find out the proper order for the four sentences. 1: What are the causes of our chronic food shortage? P: To find food for these growing new millions is desperate task. Q: Every year, we add more than a crore of persons to our population. R: Despite stupendous efforts by our government, the population is growing unabated. S: The chief cause is population explosion. 6: This unprecedented growth can drag us to the doors of starvation very soon Answer: The Question in 1(“What are the causes of our chronic food shortage?“) is logically followed by S (“The chief cause is population explosion”) as the answer. After offering the answer in S, some further explanation is given in the form of Q and P. Sentence 6 speaks about “unprecedented growth” and this must be referring to the population growth referred to in R, which implies that R must immediately precede 6. Thus, the order of the sentences to form a logically coherent paragraph is 1: S, Q, P, R : 6 (contd..) Tips on Sentences & Clauses - https://learningpundits.com/module-view/31-sentences-and-clauses/1-tips-on-sentence-and-clauses/ LEARNING PUNDITS (https://learningpundits.com/) Learning Pundits help Job Seekers make great CVs, master English Grammar & Vocabulary, ace Aptitude Tests, speak fluently in a Group Discussion, apply for jobs, participate in online contests.
6. ## Tips on Improving English Vocabulary

3 TIPS on improving English Vocabulary Tip 1: Utilize vocabulary books and online resources Vocabulary Builder Books: 1. Word Power Made Easy - By Norman Lewis 2. 30 Days to a More Powerful Vocabulary - By Wilfred Funk & Norman Lewis 3. How To Build A Better Vocabulary - By Maxwell Nurnberg & Morris Rosenblum 4. All About Words An Adult Approach To Vocabulary Building - By Maxwell Nurnberg & Morris Rosenblum Online Resources: 1. TALKENGLISH.com - http://www.talkenglish.com/ 2. UsingEnglish.com - https://www.usingenglish.com/ Tip 2: Read, read, read! With a dictionary by your side 1. Read newspapers, blogs and books. Explore the world of fiction and non-fiction and find out what genres you like. 2. You can also use websites like https://www.readanybook.com/ to read free books online. 3. Keep a dictionary handy as you read. Refer to new and unfamiliar words then and there. Tip 3: Play word games 1. Play Scrabble, Crosswords and other Word games to have some fun while improving your vocabulary. 2. http://www.wordplays.com/ contains a lot of useful and fun word games to improve your vocabulary. (contd..) Tips on Improving English Vocabulary - https://learningpundits.com/module-view/29-vocabulary---synonyms-&-antonyms/1-tips-on-vocabulary---synonyms-&-antonyms/ LEARNING PUNDITS (https://learningpundits.com/) Learning Pundits help Job Seekers make great CVs, master English Grammar & Vocabulary, ace Aptitude Tests, speak fluently in a Group Discussion, apply for jobs, participate in online contests.
7. ## Tips on learning Idioms and Phrases

2 TIPS on learning Idioms and Phrases Tip 1: Utilize vocabulary books and online resources Vocabulary Builder Books: 1. Word Power Made Easy - By Norman Lewis 2. 30 Days to a More Powerful Vocabulary - By Wilfred Funk & Norman Lewis 3. How To Build A Better Vocabulary - By Maxwell Nurnberg & Morris Rosenblum 4. All About Words An Adult Approach To Vocabulary Building - By Maxwell Nurnberg & Morris Rosenblum Tip 2: Understand the meaning, the context and usage of an idiomatic expression Illustrations: A bitter pill Meaning: An unpleasant piece of information Context: Sometimes, a pill is bitter. But, it must be swallowed to improve your health. A piece of news can be unpleasant but it must be accepted and acted upon. Usage: His treachery has been a bitter pill to swallow. Ace in the hole Meaning: Possess a secret advantage Context: An expression that originates from poker, referring to possessing an Ace among the face down cards dealt to the player. Usage: Our ace in the hole left our opponents stupefied; it isn't every day that an NBA star plays street basketball. All thumbs Meaning: Behaving very clumsily Context: If a person has only a thumb and no opposing fingers, he would be very clumsy in handling objects. Usage: I am so sorry I broke your plate. I seem to be all thumbs today. (contd..) Tips on Learning Idioms & Phrases - https://learningpundits.com/module-view/28-idioms-and-phrases/1-tips-on-idioms-&-phrases/ LEARNING PUNDITS (https://learningpundits.com/) Learning Pundits help Job Seekers make great CVs, master English Grammar & Vocabulary, ace Aptitude Tests, speak fluently in a Group Discussion, apply for jobs, participate in online contests.
8. ## Tips on Homonyms & Homophones For English Test Questions

2 TIPS on learning Homonyms and Homophones Tip 1: Understand the difference between homonyms and homophones Homonyms: Multiple meaning words. 1. The spruce tree… To spruce up… 2. Suit yourself… Wore a suit… 3. Weigh on the scale… Scale the wall… 4. The price is fair… Go to the fair… Homophones: Words that sound alike. 1. Addition for math… Edition of a book… 2. I want to go… I like it too… One plus one is two… 3. Capitol building State capital… 4. Pick a flower… Bake with flour… Tip 2: Useful online resources for learning homonyms and homophones Useful Online Resources on Homonyms & Homophones: 1. https://www.englishgrammar.org/?s=homophones 2. http://a4esl.org/q/h/homonyms.html 3. https://www.usingenglish.com/quizzes/100.html LEARNING PUNDITS (https://learningpundits.com/) Learning Pundits help Job Seekers make great CVs, master English Grammar & Vocabulary, ace Aptitude Tests, speak fluently in a Group Discussion, apply for jobs, participate in online contests.